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Biodiversity

(Biodiversidad)

Ilustración del mundo con una variedad de animales y plantas a su alrededor.
Biodiversity is understood as the variety of life forms across all levels of biological organization. That is, the number and relative abundance of species, genes, and ecosystems in a specific area. High levels of biodiversity ensure that ecosystems operate in a healthy way.

Experts argue that, based on an anthropocentric vision, high levels of biodiversity and healthy ecosystems are key to ensuring social well-being and human development. Based on this perspective, biodiversity guarantees opportunities and freedoms for human societies.

The term biodiversity is a modern contraction of biological diversity. The latter is used less frequently but they can be used interchangeably as they are synonyms.
References:

Tesauro de medio ambiente de la UE.

General Multilingual Environmental Thesaurus

Convenio Marco de Diversidad biológica.

Encuesta y grupos focales consultados para la elaboración de este reflexionario.

Photo credit: Monphoto

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